Peru – Tax Information Exchange Agreements

February 5, 2024

Introduction to Tax Information Exchange

Let’s imagine a Peruvian taxpayer being simultaneously audited by SUNAT and the tax administration of another country where this invests or provides services to local companies. This is due to the increasing adoption of information exchange agreements and the strengthening of cooperation among tax administrations internationally.

Importance of Tax Information Exchange Agreements

In the context of globalization and the growing internationalization of the economy, Tax Information Exchange Agreements have become a crucial tool to ensure transparency and efficiency in tax collection globally. This measure is fundamental for countries to build a more efficient, fair, and transparent global tax system.

Benefits and Objectives of International Collaboration

The aim of promoting collaboration among countries is the creation of an environment in which taxpayers comply with their tax responsibilities and avoid practices that negatively affect tax collection and fairness. Conversely, these measures can also benefit taxpayers with access to tax advantages in other countries, hence the importance of having legal agreements to guarantee the validity of the information obtained.

Mechanisms for Information Exchange

Bilateral or multilateral agreements should be entered into to support the exchange of tax data with, usually, double taxation avoidance treaties and information exchange agreements, either among States or tax authorities. These agreements bind States to exchange data relevant to both parties.

Impact and Implementation of the Agreements in Peru

Tax Information Exchange Agreements allow the tax administrations of different countries to share relevant data on taxpayers, detecting tax evasion and ensuring taxation of international income. In Peru, this process has become an integral part of its efforts to strengthen the integrity of its tax system.

One of the most significant milestones in the implementation of these agreements in Peru has been the signing of bilateral agreements with several nations. These agreements not only establish the basis for the exchange of information but also foster collaboration among the tax administrations involved. International cooperation has become essential, especially due to the cross-border transactions of multinational companies and the mobility of investments.

In the last two decades, investment promotion policies, such as the free remittance of capital, the elimination of exchange controls, and the application of national treatment principles, have increased the inflow of foreign direct investment and cross-border transactions, achieving sustained growth for the country. Conversely, the network of agreements to avoid double taxation and the tax information exchange has not grown proportionally. Compared to other countries in the region, Peru has only 8 agreements, placing it in a low position compared to countries such as Mexico, Brazil, and Chile, which have a greater number of agreements.

The Peruvian Tax Agency, SUNAT, plays a key role in the effective implementation of these agreements and must strengthen its technological capabilities and human resources to manage and share information securely and efficiently with its international counterparts.

The implementation of Tax Information Exchange Agreements not only benefits Peru regarding tax collection but also contributes to improving its image in the international financial field. Transparency and collaboration are key factors in attracting foreign investment and promoting a trustworthy business environment.

Challenges and Future Perspectives

Although progress is evident, challenges persist in the entire implementation of these agreements. The education and awareness of taxpayers on the significance of tax transparency are aspects to be strengthened. Likewise, adaptability to changes in global economic dynamics and the constant updating of exchange mechanisms are crucial to maintaining the effectiveness of these agreements.


In conclusion, the implementation of Tax Information Exchange Agreements in Peru represents significant progress towards the construction of a more consistent tax system aligned with international standards. To the extent that cooperation among countries intensifies, it is expected these initiatives will contribute not only to the fair collection of taxes but also to sustainable economic development and the creation of a trustworthy business environment in the country.